Before going forward, I would like to ask a question, do you really love gardening? If yes, then you won’t get a better option than home composting to keep your plants healthy. It is simply very easy and at the same time makes waste useful and not just for filling up the land.
So, in this article, we have listed out the steps to create your pile of compost for your garden. Go through the steps below to make compost at your home for your garden.
Step 1- choose your container
Choosing the container simply means going for container size and type depending upon the amount of compost you need. The garden area and space available to use for composting also need to be taken into consideration.
If you are composting outside in a place where you get sunlight, then you need 3’ X 3’ bin. Better keep a small bin in your kitchen and then empty it the bin placed outside for composting.
The waste that you are collecting needs to be turned weekly so get a tumbler or something big where you can rotate this easily. However, you can keep your waste pile in an open-air if they are brown ones. But, when you use tumbler you can keep this upside down and the moisture and heat will do the rest.
Step 2- Ingredient Mix
Ingredient mix refers to mixing up the brown and green waste. It is always advised to keep 30 parts of carbon and 1-part nitrogen. You can simply say as this needs to be maintained in the ration of 30:1.
Brown waste constitute wood chips, sawdust, newspaper and dry waste whereas green waste are the kitchen wastes such as eggshells, fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and tea.
Always remember not to use the waste from fish, meat, dairy and pet as these will do more harm than good by attracting pests.
Compost piles require very low maintenance. You just need to add both the wastes regularly, green and brown ones. You also need to turn it weekly making sure that the bacteria do their work.
Once you see that your compost is dark and smells like soil then now it is ready. However, you must do the baggie test. In this test, you have to take out some of the compost and seal in in a bag. Now, keep the bag sealed for 2-3 days and then open it. If you get a stinky smell out of that then your compost is not done whereas if there is no smell change then your compost is done and don’t require any extra work.
You are good to use this compost for your gardening. Use it for your garden plants and make them healthy.
Some extra tips for home composting
- Composting needs time, so go for good amount of it rather than creating a small amount. Get a bigger bin as it depends upon the bin size.
- Combining different materials are good for a healthier compost full of nutrients for plants.
- Open air composting is good but always ensure to add a layer of organic fertilizer or previous compost and add some water so that the composting bacteria keep doing their work easily.
- In summer brown waste are less or no and we are full of green waste so store pine needles and brown materials for later use.
- You have to wait for the compost so don’t panic and wait patiently. The bacterial will show its magic and you would be really happy with the nutrients that you would be providing to your garden plants.
Things you should compost
- Egg shells
- Wood chips
- Saw dust
- Hair and fur
- Tea bags
- Coffee grounds
- Fruits and vegetable peels
- House plants
Things you must not compost
- Tree leaves of Black walnut – The leaves of this plant releases substance that are harmful for plants
- Ash of charcoal or Coal – They may contain some of the substance which can make the plants dead.
- Dairy products like milk, yogurt – They stink more and also attracts rodents and pests.
- Diseased plants or their leaves – The diseases of that plant can get transferred to the other plants.
- Meat or fish bones and left overs – They can stink and even attract pets and rodents which can make you plants dead or diseased.
- Fats, lard or oils – They create odour problems when composting. Also attracts pests.
- Pet wastes – These can contain bacteria, parasites, germs, viruses harmful to humans and pets.
- Chemical pesticides – Never use chemical pesticides for plants as they can kill the useful bacteria which composts. Always check before using any of them.
Benefits of composting
Composting has a lot of benefits and therefore it is even recommended by soil and environmental experts. Listed below are some of the major benefits of composting.
- They enrich the soil and keep them moist for a long time.
- Composting can also prevent plants from diseases.
- You don’t need chemical fertilizers if you do composting.
- They help in the production of bacteria that is really essential and stops them which are not essential or harmful.
- You get a material which is enriched with nutrients.
- They also nearly stop the emission of harmful methane has.
- Also helps in lowering down the carbon footprint.
Wrapping it Up
The compost gets ready in nearly three to five weeks. If you purchase a good compost bin, then you don’t have to worry about any smell coming from the compost. On the other hand, these compost can enrich your soil and provide a nutrient natural ingredient that can protect your plants from diseases and rodents.
So, we will just give you our last recommendation that getss a bin from the nearby hardware store which is best suited for the amount of compost you need for your garden. Always keep turning your piles once a week and keep a track of what you throw for the compost.